Feline acne is caused by comedones, or blackheads, on the cat’s chin.  Stress, poor grooming habits, immune suppression, and contact dermatitis can be triggers for acne.  Comedones form when oils produced in the skin cannot drain properly through the sebaceous and apocrine glands.  The ducts fill with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria.  The cat […]


Aggressive behavior by cats can be distressful and dangerous to their owners and other pets in the household.  There are numerous forms of feline aggression triggered by different causes.  Cats are semi-domesticated animals that revert to their wild instincts in times of play, social interaction, and stress.  Aggression should be dealt with early, rather than […]


Allergies are a major cause of skin disease, discomfort and distress in cats. Pruritus, or intense itching, is the most characteristic sign of allergies. This itching is caused by the release of histamines from mast cells located throughout the body. Hair loss, redness and skin infections may result secondary to the allergy. Over time, the […]


Feline asthma is a relatively common ailment, affecting about 1% of cats. The disease closely resembles the same condition in humans. What Causes Asthma Asthma is triggered in susceptible cats by exposure to allergens or irritants. Common culprits include pollens, cigarette or fireplace smoke, various sprays, perfumes, deodorizers, carpet cleaners, and dust from cat litter. […]

Bladder Infections

True bacterial bladder infections are pretty uncommon in younger cats (less than 10 years old), but they do occur.  They are more common in older cats because they may be secondary to other age-related disease processes.  The symptoms of bacterial bladder infection are the same as those seen with feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) […]

Bladder Stones

The occurrence of bladder stones is not uncommon in our feline friends and can lead to serious discomfort and even secondary problems if not treated. These stones are rock-like minerals that form in your cats urinary bladder. There can be several small gravel-sized stones or large single stones in the bladder. In this handout, we […]

Blocked Tomcat – Urinary Obstruction

The term “blocked tomcat” or “blocked tom” refers to the obstruction of normal urine output from the urinary bladder through the urethra. Because of differences in male cats’ urethral anatomy, this condition occurs more frequently in tomcats and is thusly named; but it can sometimes occur in female cats as well. When urine cannot be […]


Cancer is the leading cause of death in senior cats. As we already know, this is a very serious disease that can affect virtually all areas of your cat’s body. However, the spread of cancer is more rapid when certain areas of the body are reached, such as the lungs or liver. There are too […]

Caring for Your Cat’s Teeth

We all know how important good dental hygiene is for our own health, but many cat owners are unaware that this is true for their pets too. Dental disease is one of the most common preventable illnesses in pets, affecting more than 75% of dogs and cats over three years of age. Infections of the […]

Cat Bite Wounds and Abscesses

Cats are highly territorial and often fight when they meet outside or, less commonly, within the household. During fights, cats inflict deep bite wounds that inject bacteria from the mouth into the internal tissues. Cat bite wounds frequently become infected and abscessed. An abscess is a pocket of infection that the body has walled off. […]