Administering Ear Medications

Ear infections are common in dogs and cats.  Opportunistic bacteria and yeast can quickly invade an ear canal that becomes inflamed by allergies, excess moisture, and changes in pH.  Swimming and bathing are often triggers that encourage growth of microorganisms in the ear canal.  Symptoms of an ear infection include odor and discharge from the […]

Administering Eye Medications

Our pets can get eye infections and injuries just like we can, perhaps more often because of their curious nature getting them into trouble at times.  Some breeds are predisposed to eye problems because of their facial anatomy.  It is very important to have any irritated eye checked out by the veterinarian because eyes can […]

Adrenal Gland Disease – Cushing’s

Cushing’s disease (hyperadrenocorticism) is a condition where too much cortisol exists in the body.  Long term exposure to increased levels of cortisol leads to many deteriorative effects on all parts of the body.  Cushing’s is generally a dog disease, occurring in cats only very rarely. Cortisol is a normal hormone produced by the adrenal glands.  […]

Adrenal Gland Diseases – Addison’s

Addison’s Disease (hypoadrenocorticism) is a serious condition in which the adrenal glands do not produce enough cortisol and aldosterone.  Diagnosis of Addison’s is often made during a life threatening crisis, as the symptoms of chronic Addison’s can be mild, vague, and varied.  Cortisol and aldosterone are normal gluco- and mineralo- corticoid hormones in the body […]


Anemia is defined as a decrease in the number of red blood cells (erythrocytes) in circulation in the blood stream.  Red blood cells are comprised of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein that delivers oxygen to tissues and organs.  Symptoms of anemia may be mild to life threatening depending on the degree of red blood cell depletion.  […]


The discovery of antibiotics has greatly extended the lifespan of people and their pets.  Without antibiotic therapy, a simple infection could overwhelm the immune system and cause death.  Despite this remarkable medical achievement, bacteria adapt continually to develop resistance to medications, and new generations of antibiotics must be discovered to fight resistant infections.  Indiscriminant use […]

Avoiding Heat Stroke

Heat stroke occurs when a dog or cat’s internal regulatory mechanisms cannot maintain a normal core temperature of 101 to 102 degrees Fahrenheit.  When the core temperature rises above 105 degrees, all body systems begin failing rapidly.  This situation is truly an emergency and requires a pet owner’s quick intervention to expedite cooling and prevent […]

Bleeding Disorders

Bleeding disorders (coagulopathy) of dogs and cats can be caused by a variety of disease processes, genetic abnormalities, toxicities, and emergency scenarios.  The increased tendency to bleed may be mild to life-threatening.  Treatment options are determined by the cause of the disorder; they depend on the mechanism responsible and the systems of the body that […]

Cesarean Sections (C Sections)

Cesarean Section is a surgical incision made through the abdomen and into the uterus to deliver a puppy or kitten when a natural birth would bring harm to the mother.  It is performed under general anesthesia, and it is more commonly necessary on small breed dogs whose pelvic canals are not large enough to deliver […]

Cherry Eye

Cherry Eye is the common name for a prolapse of the third eyelid gland.  It is most often caused by a heritable weakness of the connective tissue that holds the gland under the third eyelid of the eye.  Cherry eye is common in smaller breeds under 12 months old.  The everted tissue protrudes from the […]